President Obama signed Executive Order 13694 on April 1st 2015. Declaring a National Emergency over so-called cyber-enabled activities.
I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, in order to take additional steps to deal with the national emergency with respect to significant malicious cyber-enabled activities declared in Executive Order 13694 of April 1, 2015, and in view of the increasing use of such activities to undermine democratic processes or institutions, hereby order
Written in such broad terms it could apply to almost any entity involved in spreading information that is cyber-enabled. Whatever that means. Anything or anyone using a computer? Signed under the guise of stopping Russian influence in U.S. elections. It targets possibly anyone disseminating information that is “cyber-enabled” as well as actual hackers. Attention was called to this EO on December 29, 2016, by a recent press release from:
The release on Executive Order 13694 is titled.
A Declaration of National Emergency over cyber-enabled activities. Did you know that the U.S. declared a national emergency on April 1st, 2015 because of cyber-enabled activities? This order allows to the executive branch to financially sanction and any information dissemination entity as well as actual hackers that the government feels have interfered in the electoral process with its possible effects on voters decisions. If your information has changed someone’s mind about how they vote, you could be punished. Right now only a couple Russian organizations and individuals are on the list cited in the Annex to this order. According to mainstream news, anyone with a different opinion works for the Russians. Government lists always grow for one reason or another once established.
The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State, can make this determination if the entity, person or business is based in whole or part outside the continental United States and is trying to effect an election or any other critical infrastructure. Globalization of information technology is such that anyone using the internet may be using services and infrastructure not located in the U.S. Not just Russia but anywhere outside the United States. What about using sources for news articles that come from overseas? How about interviewing a foreign source? Is the information being carried outside the U.S.? What about affiliates in other countries? You can see the possibilities.
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) (NEA), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,
I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, in order to take additional steps to deal with the national emergency with respect to significant malicious cyber-enabled activities declared in Executive Order 13694 of April 1, 2015, and in view of the increasing use of such activities to undermine democratic processes or institutions, hereby order:
Section 1. Section 1(a) of Executive Order 13694 is hereby amended to read as follows:
“Section 1. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:
(i) the persons listed in the Annex to this order;
(ii) any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State, to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have engaged in, directly or indirectly, cyber-enabled activities originating from, or directed by persons located, in whole or in substantial part, outside the United States that are reasonably likely to result in, or have materially contributed to, a significant threat to the national security, foreign policy, or economic health or financial stability of the United States and that have the purpose or effect of:
(A) harming, or otherwise significantly compromising the provision of services by, a computer or network of computers that support one or more entities in a critical infrastructure sector;
(B) significantly compromising the provision of services by one or more entities in a critical infrastructure sector;
(C) causing a significant disruption to the availability of a computer or network of computers;
(D) causing a significant misappropriation of funds or economic resources, trade secrets, personal identifiers, or financial information for commercial or competitive advantage or private financial gain; or
(E) tampering with, altering, or causing a misappropriation of information with the purpose or effect of interfering with or undermining election processes or institutions; and
How convenient that Department of Homeland Security announced anything having to do with the elections is critical infrastructure.
If the government thinks a journalist or organization has altered, tampered or misappropriated information with the purpose of effecting an election they can be banned from doing business in the United States. Commentary can be construed as interfering with or undermining election processes. The very job of media is to influence opinions. If this were the standard for mainstream outlets, they would all have to go. Yet we know this was not intended for them.
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